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How Is Prostatitis Diagnosed?
If a doctor suspects prostatitis or another
prostate problem, he or she may refer the patient to a urologist (a doctor who
specializes in diseases of the urinary tract and the male reproductive system)
to confirm the diagnosis.
Patients typically undergo a comprehensive
examination including a digital rectal exam. More tests, such as a biopsy,
urine studies, or MRI may be needed. Voiding studies involve the collection and
analysis of urine to determine which part of the urinary system is
What Is the Treatment for Prostatitis?
Treatments vary among urologists and are tailored
according to the type of prostatitis you have. Correct diagnosis is crucial
because each type of prostatitis is treated differently, and it's important to
make sure your symptoms are not caused by urethritis (inflammation of the
urethra) or another condition that may lead to permanent bladder or kidney
Treatments generally include:
- Anti-inflammatory medicines along with warm sitz baths
(sitting in 2-3 inches of warm water). This is the most conservative treatment
for chronic prostatitis.
- Antibiotic medicine for prostatitis due to
- Pain medications.
- Surgical removal of the infected portions of the
prostate may be advised for severe cases of chronic prostatitis or for men
whose swollen prostate is blocking the flow of urine.
- Other treatments for prostatitis include the use of
drugs to shrink the prostate and relieve urination difficulties.
What Are the Long-Term Effects of Chronic Prostatitis?
Chronic prostatitis affects men differently, with
varying degrees of discomfort or pain. Prostatitis is not a contagious disease.
You can live your life normally and continue sexual relations without passing
it on. Having prostatitis does not increase your risk of developing prostate
cancer or any other prostate or kidney disease. But even if your prostatitis is
cured, you should continue to have regular examinations to detect prostate