How It Feels continued...
Following the biopsy, you will be asked to avoid strenuous activities
for about 4 hours. You may have mild pain in the pelvic area and blood in your
urine for up to 5 days. Also, you may have some discoloration of your
semen for up to one month after the biopsy. If you had
a transrectal biopsy, you may experience a small amount of bleeding from your
rectum for 2 to 3 days after the biopsy.
If you have a
transurethral biopsy, you may have a urinary catheter in place for a few hours
after the biopsy. You also may need to take an antibiotic medicine for
several days after the biopsy.
If you have a general anesthetic,
you will be in a recovery room for a few hours after the biopsy. You will need
someone to drive you home when you are released. When you get home, your
muscles may ache and you may feel tired for the rest of the day.
A prostate biopsy has a slight risk of causing
problems such as:
- Infection. This is more common in men who have
prostatitis. Usually, taking antibiotic medicine
before the biopsy prevents an infection from developing.
into the urethra or
bladder. This can cause a blood blister (hematoma), an
inability to urinate, or a need to urinate often.
- Bleeding from the
rectum. If you have a transrectal biopsy, you may experience a small amount of
bleeding from your rectum for 2 to 3 days after the biopsy.
allergic reaction to the anesthetic medicines used
during the biopsy.
After the biopsy
Call your doctor immediately if
- Have heavy bleeding or bleeding continues
longer than 2 to 3 days.
- Have increased pain.
- Have a
- Are unable to urinate within 8 hours or have blood in the
urine for longer than 2 to 3 days.
prostate gland biopsy is a test to remove small
samples of prostate tissue to be examined under a microscope. Results are
usually available within 10 days.
If cancer cells are present, a grade (Gleason score) will be given, which your doctor will discuss with you. The
Gleason score is considered a tool for predicting how aggressive the cancer
What Affects the Test
Reasons you may not be able to
have the test or why the results may not be helpful include:
- The biopsy may not contain enough tissue to
make a diagnosis.
- A chance that a cancer may be missed since the
biopsy takes a small amount of tissue.